Website development is the process of creating websites and other online content. It involves designing the website’s layout and visual elements as well as writing code that will make it function properly.
Design is a key aspect of web development, and can impact how search engines rank your site. A good designer will know how to incorporate elements like white space and fonts that are easy on the eyes. They also have a keen understanding of technical SEO, which will help your site rank higher in Google.
The design of a website should convey the purpose and brand of the business or organization it’s for. It should be fun and interactive, but it should also communicate a professional tone. The designer should use color, layout, fonts, and images that complement the company’s message.
A good designer will take the time to understand their client’s needs and work closely with them throughout the design process. This will ensure they are providing the best user experience possible and achieving their goals.
Layout is the arrangement of a website’s header, navigation menu, footer, content, and graphics. It’s important to use a consistent design approach across the website, so it doesn’t look out of place when people visit.
Web designers use tools like Photoshop, Illustrator, Fireworks, and Sketch to create their designs. They then create HTML and CSS tags that will identify the site’s content for the browser to display.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) allow designers to tweak the colors, fonts, and sizes of each HTML tag in order to achieve their desired visual aesthetic. They also control the way a website’s pages display on different devices by using media queries and breakpoints.
The backend is where the actual data and content that your website contains is stored. This requires a different set of skills than front-end website development, but it is still an essential part of a web developer’s job. The backend of a website includes the server, the application that runs on it and the database that stores the data.
A server is a computer that’s responsible for sending, processing and receiving data requests from a website. When a website’s client (like a browser) makes a request, the server will respond by storing that data in the database and then sending it to the user.
Most web developers will write code in multiple languages to build the functionality of a website. These include languages for the front-end (like HTML and CSS) and the back-end (like PHP, Ruby, Python and Java).
It is important to be able to program in various languages as you will most likely need to use several when working on a project. You will also need to be able to debug your own code when you run into problems.
If you’re interested in pursuing a career as a web developer, it is important to have a strong portfolio that shows what you can do. This will demonstrate your skillset and help you land a position in this competitive industry.